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  • If you want to prevent or treat osteoporosis in as natural way as possible, you will be pleased to know that I now have an Android App available - OsteoTrack.

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    A woman’s body undergoes many changes at the menopause, these can lead to many menopausal disorders; these include:

    Autonomic effects such as hot flushes, sweats and palpitations.
    Reproductive effects, for instance, dyspareunia and a reduction in libido.
    Muscoskeletal effects, for example, osteoporosis, thinning of the skin and a loss in muscle bulk.
    Cardiovasscular effects like cerebrovascular and coronary heart disease. Urinary symptoms such as cystitis and urethral syndrome

    Additionally a woman may be subjected to many psychological problems during the menopause; these include mood swings, anxiety, depression, insomnia and impairment of concentration and memory.

    Menopausal changes

    Physiologically during the menopause the vagina and uterus undergo a reduction in size, the vaginal epithelium becomes thinner. The vaginal secretion is decreased and it becomes more alcoholic in nature, this can lead to a drying an increased likelihood of infection. In addition to this there is often a loss of pubic hair, in the tone of the muscle and an increase in incontinence and prolepses. The breasts may also become affected and lose their fullness. Many of these epithelial effects can be reversed by the use of hormone replacement therapy.

    Menopausal somatic effects and hormone replacement

    The reduction in estrogens can lead to a thinning of the skin and a loss in its elasticity and tensile strength. The increase in androgens that occurs at the menopause can lead to an increase in male like hair growth such as moustache hair. Although there is an increased risk in heart disease in postmenopausal in comparison to premenopausal women it only brings them up to the same risk that is seen in men. One of the best ways of reducing the risk of heart diseases is to exercise wisely and to not smoke.

    Hot flushes are common in menopausal women, these often last for four minutes and some women may get over a hundred flushes a week! During a hot flush there is an increase in skin temperature, yet a decrease in core body temperature. The occurrence of hot flushes is often reduced by hormone replacement. NB. A hot flush is known as a hot flash in the USA

    The use of hormone replacement therapy can help to reduce many chronic diseases in menopausal women. This is because there are many estrogen receptors in the body; these play a role in the central, vascular and peripheral nervous system. There have been many reports that taking estrogen supplements can help to reduce postnatal depression and can reduce loss of muscle strength. The use of hormone replacement therapy has also demonstrated an improvement in sexual pleasure in many women, this is because the hormones help to eliminate vaginal dryness; a common problem for women undergoing the menopause.

    It should be noted however that there are many risk factors associated with hormone replacement therapy and it is not recommended as a startergy for fighting osteoporosis alone.