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    Loss of bone density occurs in all the bones of people suffering from osteoporosis. However, it is the bones that directly support weight, such as the hip and spine that are the most susceptible to fractures. Although not a weight bearing bone, the wrist is also often affected by bone fractures in osteoporosis sufferers; this is because many people reach out with their hands when they lose balance, the wrist then becomes a weight bearing bone, and if weak may fracture.

    Approximately half of the one million or so bone fractures that occur each year in the United States of America are spinal related; quarter of a million are hip fractures and around a quarter of a million involve wrist fractures. Fractures also occur in other areas such as the shoulder, ankles and ribs, though these make up a much smaller proportion of overall osteoporosis related injuries.

    Causes of falls that lead to osteoporosis bone fractures

    Interestingly older people are much less likely to have medically attended injuries than younger people, however due to age related weaknesses they are much more likely to be hospitalised than the young. The most common form of osteoporosis bone fracture is the result of a simple fall from a standing height! It is known that at least a third of elderly adults are likely to have a fall of this type every year; disturbingly approximately three quarters of fatal falls in people over

    About a third of all falls that lead to bone fractures in osteoporosis sufferers are related to environmental factors such as slippery wintry surfaces, tripping on steps, and commonly slipping on loose carpets or rugs. Most falls take place in daylight hours; this is most likely a consequence that elderly people are more active in the daytime.

    Of the falls that result in hip fractures nearly half are related to slipping incidents, 20 percent are due to a drop attack (ie disturbances in blood flow in the brain), 20 to 30 percent are a result of loss of balance. A few other factors such as collisions make up the remainder of the falls that lead to hip fracture in osteoporosis sufferers. the age of sixty five occur from falls from a standing height or less. Half of these falls are associated with organic dysfunction, such as failing eye site, muscular weakness, slower reflexes, and dementia. The decrease in reflexes and hence a slower reaction time, means that elderly people are much less likely to be able to break a fall successfully.

    Bone Treatment

    Some of the treatments that are used to rebuild bone in people with osteoporosis and osteopenia include Bisphosphonates Medications, Zoledronic Acid, and the drug Evista. These bone ttreatments have varying levels of success and are best used in combination with a change of life style such as osteoporosis and diet, and weight bearing exercises.