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    It has been nearly seventy years since Albright and colleagues reported their findings on the effect of estrogen deficiency in the Journal of the American Medical association. In a study that included 42 patients with osteoporosis it was noted that none of the cases occurred in women before the menopause and that the replacement of estrogen had a beneficial effect in osteoporosis prevention.

    Although there was a lag in research into the impact of estrogen to osteoporosis sufferers until the 1980’s, research in the field was then picked up with great vigour. In 1985 Ettinger et al investigated fracture occurrence in postmenopausal women, approximately half of whom had received estrogen replacement. It was found that the women who took estrogen supplements had much higher bone densities than those who did not. In fact the women who took estrogen had a bone density associated with women that were 13 years younger on average. These women also reported 50 percent less fractures than in the women who did not take hormone replacements.

    It is now well established that estrogen treatment is able to lower the impact of osteoporosis in menopausal women within the first few years; this replacement helps to supplement the natural estrogen levels that become depleted during the menopause.

    In a further study based upon the Framingham population it was found, in a study involving over 3000 records of women that those who corrected their estrogen deficiency by use of hormone replacement had an approximate 35 percent reduction in the number of hip fractures.

    Estrogen deficiencies and fractures

    These studies highlight the fact that estrogen plays a very important role in the maintenance of bone density and that taking supplements to lessen the effect of estrogen deficiencies plays an important role in reducing the number of fractures in postmenstrual women who are susceptible to osteoporosis. Once bone has been lost it is very difficult for the body to rebuild it, therefore it is very important that for women who go into an early menopause see their doctors and discuss hormone replacement. However, it should be noted that as there are many side effects the use of hormone treatment is rarely recommended for people who suffer from osteoporosis alone, as nowadays the condition is usually more safely treated by the use of bisphosphanates.