Recommended pages

  • History of osteoporosis
  • About osteoporosis
  • Symptoms of calcium deficiencies

  • If you want to prevent or treat osteoporosis in as natural way as possible, you will be pleased to know that I now have an Android App available - OsteoTrack.

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    Recommended Treatment methods for osteoporosis

    Osteoporosis is a condition that is caused by loss of bone mineral tissue; it is both preventable and treatable.

    Bone density is usually measured by use of dual energy x-ray absorptiomety. If you have a bone mineral density T-score of -1 to -2.5 you are said to have osteopenia, whereas if you have a T-score of less than -2.5 you are said to have osteoporosis.

    Once that you have been diagnosed with either of these conditions there are many treatment options that are available and these are dependent upon both your bone density score and your risk factors.

    Osteoporosis treatment guidelines

    It has been recommended by the National Osteoporosis Foundation in the USA that the following people be treated for their condition either by non-pharmacy or pharmaceutical methods.

    1. A T-score of less than -2
    2. A t-score of less than -1.5 with one or more risk factors or a history of spinal or hip fracture.

    The Non-pharmacy guidelines recommend a daily supplement of 1200mg of elemental calcium and 400 to 800 ID of vitamin D, took together with a weight bearing exercise program. Pharmaceutical products that may be taken include antiresorptive and anabolics.

    If no benefits are seen from following a non pharmaceutical program, then the American society of clinical endocrinology (who has similar but slightly different guideline to those given above) strongly suggests that a shift should be made to a pharmaceutical based solutions such as bisphopshonates to stop osteoporosis.

    Recommended weight bearing exercises for osteoporosis

    The following weight bearing exercises have been recommended by the US surgeon general has being beneficial in the fight against osteoporosis.

    1. Walking
    2. Dancing
    3. Low-impact aerobics
    4. Gardening

    They recommend that you try to do a weight bearing activity for at least 30 minutes per day. They also suggest that exercises that improve muscle strength and balance are also taken. The use of strength exercises can result in a small but significant increase in bone density.

    An exercise that is thought to be both beneficial to strength and balance is Tai Chi; this has recently been put forward has a safe and beneficial exercise for people who have osteoporosis.

    Treatment of osteoporosis reduces the risk of fractures

    The risk of getting a fracture in those undergoing osteoporosis treatment by either life style or/and pharmaceutical methods is about 50% of those who do not take treatment.

    References


    Mayes (2007) Review of post menopausal osteoporosis pharmacology. Nutr. Clin. Prac. 22:3: 276 to 285
    National Osteoporosis Foundation (2003). Guide to Prevention and Treatment of Osteoporosis. 38.Hodgson et al (2003).
    American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists medical guidelines for clinical practice for the prevention and treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Endocr. Pract. :9 544 to 564.